- Newly Diagnosed and Relapsed Follicular Lymphoma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines
- Surveillance Scanning in Lymphoma
- What is childhood lymphoma?
- Childhood Lymphoma
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Newly Diagnosed and Relapsed Follicular Lymphoma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines
Lymphoma is the general term for cancers that develop in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is made up of a vast network of vessels, similar to blood vessels that branch out into all the tissues of the body. These vessels contain lymph, a colourless watery fluid that carries lymphocytes which are specialised white blood cells that fight infection. There are two types of lymphocytes: B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes also called B-cells and T-cells. These cells protect us by making antibodies and destroying harmful micro-organisms such as bacteria and viruses.
Lymphoma originates in developing B lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes, which have undergone a malignant change. This means that they multiply without any proper order forming tumours, which are collections of cancer cells.
Surveillance Scanning in Lymphoma
Over time, malignant lymphocytes called lymphoma cells crowd out normal lymphocytes and eventually the immune system becomes weakened and can no longer function properly. Five of these sub-types belong to a group of diseases called Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma is distinguished from all other types of lymphoma because of the presence of a special kind of cancer cell called a Reed-Sternberg cell, which can be seen when examining the tumour cells under a microscope. In children, lymphoma is one of the most common types of cancer seen, but few children overall are ever diagnosed with these diseases.
Lymphomas in children tend to grow quickly but generaslly respond very well to treatment.
Significant advances are continually being made in the way we manage lymphomas. This means that with treatment, many children can now be cured. Many others who are treated remain disease-free and well for a long time. In Australia, around 30 children years are diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma and around 40 children years are diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma each year.
What is childhood lymphoma?
Hodgkin lymphoma can occur at any age but it is most common in adolescents and young adults. Hodgkin lymphoma is rarely seen in children less than five years old, and it occurs more frequently in males than in females.
Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization. Drug Therapy. Gene Rearrangement. Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.
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